by Lars T Hansen
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Each <formals> should be a formal arguments list as for a LAMBDA expression, cf section 4.1.4 of the R5RS.
The <expression>s are evaluated in the current environment, the variables of the <formals> are bound to fresh locations, the return values of the <expression>s are stored in the variables, the <body> is evaluated in the extended environment, and the values of the last expression of <body> are returned. The <body> is a <tail body>, cf section 3.5 of the R5RS.
The matching of each <formals> to values is as for the matching of <formals> to arguments in a LAMBDA expression, and it is an error for an <expression> to return a number of values that does not match its corresponding <formals>.
(let-values (((a b . c) (values 1 2 3 4))) (list a b c)) --> (1 2 (3 4)) (let ((a 'a) (b 'b) (x 'x) (y 'y)) (let-values (((a b) (values x y)) ((x y) (values a b))) (list a b x y))) --> (x y a b)
Each <formals> should be a formal arguments list as for a LAMBDA expression, cf section 4.1.4 of the R5RS.
LET*-VALUES is similar to LET-VALUES, but the bindings are performed sequentially from left to right, and the region of a binding indicated by (<formals> <expression>) is that part of the LET*-VALUES expression to the right of the binding. Thus the second binding is done in an environment in which the first binding is visible, and so on.
(let ((a 'a) (b 'b) (x 'x) (y 'y)) (let*-values (((a b) (values x y)) ((x y) (values a b))) (list a b x y))) --> (x y x y)
The following implementation is written in R5RS Scheme. It is not compatible with the IEEE Scheme standard because the IEEE standard does not contain the high-level macro system.
The implementation assumes that some top-level names defined by the R5RS are bound to their original values.
;; This code is in the public domain. (define-syntax let-values (syntax-rules () ((let-values (?binding ...) ?body0 ?body1 ...) (let-values "bind" (?binding ...) () (begin ?body0 ?body1 ...))) ((let-values "bind" () ?tmps ?body) (let ?tmps ?body)) ((let-values "bind" ((?b0 ?e0) ?binding ...) ?tmps ?body) (let-values "mktmp" ?b0 ?e0 () (?binding ...) ?tmps ?body)) ((let-values "mktmp" () ?e0 ?args ?bindings ?tmps ?body) (call-with-values (lambda () ?e0) (lambda ?args (let-values "bind" ?bindings ?tmps ?body)))) ((let-values "mktmp" (?a . ?b) ?e0 (?arg ...) ?bindings (?tmp ...) ?body) (let-values "mktmp" ?b ?e0 (?arg ... x) ?bindings (?tmp ... (?a x)) ?body)) ((let-values "mktmp" ?a ?e0 (?arg ...) ?bindings (?tmp ...) ?body) (call-with-values (lambda () ?e0) (lambda (?arg ... . x) (let-values "bind" ?bindings (?tmp ... (?a x)) ?body)))))) (define-syntax let*-values (syntax-rules () ((let*-values () ?body0 ?body1 ...) (begin ?body0 ?body1 ...)) ((let*-values (?binding0 ?binding1 ...) ?body0 ?body1 ...) (let-values (?binding0) (let*-values (?binding1 ...) ?body0 ?body1 ...)))))
Copyright (C) Lars T Hansen (1999). All Rights Reserved.
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