status: final (2000/8/31)
Points in time are represented a the number of seconds (with nanosecond precision) since "the epoch," a zero point in time. Several standard variants are defined, including UTC (universal coordinated time), TAI (international atomic time), and monotonic time. A point in time can also be represented as a Julian Day or Modified Julian Day number. Time durations, including time spent in a process or thread, are defined. Conversion routines are provided. The procedure CURRENT-TIME queries the current time in a specified variant, with a system-dependent resolution. Procedures for time arithmetic and time comparisons are also provided.
A date is a representation of a point in time in the Gregorian calendar, a 24 hour clock (with nanosecond precision) and a time zone offset from UTC. Procedures for converting between time and dates are provided, as well as for reading and writing string representations of dates.