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On Sun, 24 Jul 2005, Aubrey Jaffer wrote: > | Date: Thu, 21 Jul 2005 20:50:05 -0400 > | From: Paul Schlie <schlie@xxxxxxxxxxx> > | > | or exact semantics; I don't believe it's reasonably possible, as it > | seems that the only way to achieve what you desire, and maintain > | reasonable consistency with mixed exact/inexact arithmetic would be > | to: > | - as suggested by "bear", define the requirement that exact and > | inexact value representations be constrained to the same value > | range. > I am reluctant to take that measure unless someone can provide an > example from practice where the ranges being unequal caused bad > software behavior. The comment was made half in jest; but the observation is that many of the inconsistencies of infinity mathematics are predicated on the fact that inexact math invokes infinity while exact math just goes to bigger exact numbers. In practical terms, I think that "infinity" as it's being discussed here is properly an error object rather than a numeric value, and I would be satisfied with a scheme where numeric operations returned an error object if asked to do anything involving a range overflow, underflow, or where an argument were an error object. But naming an error object "infinity" is misleading, since the value the user sees may be nine or ninety operations further down the pipeline after the "overflow" has been divided, subtracted, inverted, etc. > | - define infinites and their reciprocals to abstractly commonly > | represent the greatest/smallest values at bounds of the > | representable numerical range, > As I written previously, using the boundary for the nominal value is > the worst choice from that neighborhood. Doing so means that nearly > every calculation which projects into #i+/0 is larger than the nominal > value. Agreed. This produces truly execrable behavior and should not be done. > | exclusive of 0 representing an absolute 0, who's reciprocal is > | itself 0. > This would mean (* 0 (/ 0)) would no longer signal an error or return > 0/0. What would (/ 0 0) do? What would (/ 0.0) return (exact or > inexact)? (/ 0 0.0)? I think that: (/ 0) => error-object ;; this EO could be called infinity, I guess (* 0 error-object) => error-object ;; but not this one. This brings up an important distinction in "infinities;" When you divide by exact zero you get an absolute infinity. (which, perversely, is neither positive nor negative, because exact zero isn't positive or negative.) Call this EO1. When you divide 1 by (say) 5e-323, you get a different kind of EO, which is "results too large to represent" but which is often mistaken for an actual infinity. Call this EO2. The kick is that (* 0 EO1) => EO3 ;; EO3 is a NaN or something. while (* 0 E02) => 0 . Modeling this behavior in programming language mathematics is not simple. Bear